Architecture, Building from Iran, Buildings, Iranian architecture, Residential project

Residential project in Isfahan reinterprets courtyard design

Recently completed, the Kharand-House, located in Isfahan, was designed by Iranian architects Hamed Tadayon and Mohammad Amin Davarpanah, and centres around the inclusion of a courtyard.

According to the architects, ‘kharand’ means yard in Isfahan’s local dialect, and due to new policies and restrictions, the courtyard has become a lost element in many new homes built across Iran. In response, they tried to redefine the main character of a traditional yard in a new context.

“In addition to providing green space, the traditional Iranian yard has some special characters, such as the presence of water and privacy,” wrote the architects. “Water plays a prominent role inasmuch as it provides ample condition by increasing moisture, visual quality and a pleasure sound of falling water. Such factors create a perfect traditional yard.”

The Kharand-House has three levels, with the ground floor maintaining a connection to the main yard. The upper floors include the living room, bedrooms and kitchen; however, according to the architects, the main volume of the project remains the outdoor space.

“In providing a private yard protected from [outside] views while obtaining the required amount of light, fresh air and ample view for users at the same time, the decision was made [to] split [the yard] in half. One part has less privacy [and is] located in front of the living room, and another has more privacy [and is located] in front of the staircase,” the architects added.

In adding privacy and shading, the architects designed a sloping facade that reduces the amount of light let into the yard. Furthermore, a fountain set was incorporated into the outdoor design along with flowerboxes and minimal gardening zones. In the same space, wooden panels have been used for ‘roofing’, which can be covered by mats if the end users want increased privacy.